Year

Key Concepts (Statutory Requirements)

Year 1

 compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
 lengths and heights [for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half]
 mass/weight [for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than]
 capacity and volume [for example, full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter]
 time [for example, quicker, slower, earlier, later]
 measure and begin to record the following:
 lengths and heights
 mass/weight
 capacity and volume
 time (hours, minutes, seconds)
 recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes
 sequence events in chronological order using language [for example, before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening]
 recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
 tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Year 2

 choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
 compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =
 recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value
 find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money
 solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change
 compare and sequence intervals of time
 tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
 know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

Year 3

 measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
 measure the perimeter of simple 2D shapes
 add and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts
 tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12hour and 24hour clocks
 estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o’clock, a.m./p.m., morning, afternoon, noon and midnight
 know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year
 compare durations of events [for example to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks].

Year 4

 Convert between different units of measure [for example, kilometre to metre; hour to minute]
 measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres
 find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares
 estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence

Year 5

 convert between different units of metric measure (for example, kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre)
 understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints
 measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres
 calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm^{2}) and square metres (m^{2}) and estimate the area of irregular shapes
 estimate volume [for example, using 1 cm^{3 }blocks to build cuboids (including cubes)] and capacity [for example, using water]
 solve problems involving converting between units of time
 use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [for example, length, mass, volume, money] using decimal notation, including scaling.

Year 6

 solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate
 use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places
 convert between miles and kilometres
 recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa
 recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes
 calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles
 calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm^{3}) and cubic metres (m^{3}), and extending to other units [for example, mm^{3 }and km^{3}].
