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Geography

 

 

Year

Coverage

Progression

Year 1

  • Characteristics of the four UK countries

 

 

  • Minster locality – school and local area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • UK Weather – seasonal and daily
  • Name, locate, identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities and surrounding seas, using maps and atlases

 

  • Undertake fieldwork
  • Use skills of observation
  • Use aerial photographs to recognise landmarks
  • Follow maps
  • Interpret maps
  • Make maps
  • Use locational and directional language – near/far, left right
  • Use keys.
  • Identify human and physical features.

 

  • Identify patterns in weather.(season)

Year 2

  • Name and locate continents and oceans of the world

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Study small area of UK and small area of non - European country (INDIA)

 

 

 

 

 

  • Weather – hot and cold world areas

 

  • Use globes, maps, atlases
  • Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans
  • Understand and use  compass directionsNorth, South, East, West
  • Recognise and explain physical features (coast, forest, mountain, ocean, river)

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying :

  • physical features - beach, cliff, hill, valley, vegetation, soil
  • human features - city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour, shop

 

  • Identify similarities (North Pole, South Pole, tropical, Equator)
 

 

Year 3

  • Name and locate countries and cities in UK

 

 

 

 

 

  • Study – South East England

 

  • Use globes, maps, atlases
  • Name and locate countries and cities in UK
  • Identify human and physical characteristics
  • Identify key topographical features (hills, mountains, coasts and rivers)
  •  land-use patterns.

 

  • Identify area through mapping

Describe and understand key aspects of human geography including:

  • Types of settlementvillage, town, city
  • land – use
  • natural resources
  • food
  • minerals
  • distribution of natural resources
  • water
  • Locate detail using ordinance survey maps, using grid references

Year 4

  • Name and locate world countries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Study - European region

 

  • Use globes, maps, atlases to locate countries and describe features studied
  • Maps – focus on Europe, Russia, North and South America
  • Identify environmental regions
  • Look at key physical and human characteristics.
  • Recognise world major cities

 

  • Identify area through mapping

Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography including:

  • Rivers
  • Water cycle

Describe and understand key aspects of human geography including:

  • Distribution of natural resources including;
  • Energy
  • Food
  • Minerals
  • Water
 

 

Year 5

  • World

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Study – South America

 

  • Use globes, maps, atlases
  • Understand Position, significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle
  • Identify, understand and calculate Prime Greenwich Meridian and Time zones including day and night.

 

  • Identify area through mapping

Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography including:

  • Climate zones
  • Biomes
  • Vegetation belts
  • Mountains

Describe and understand key aspects of human geography including:

  • Economic activity

Use geographical skills and fieldwork:

  • OS maps
  • Six figure grid references

Year 6

  • Fieldwork – Local area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Study – North America

 

Use fieldwork to;

  • Observe
  • Measure
  • Record
  • Present

Human and physical features in the local area.

Use:

  • Sketch maps
  • Plans
  • Graphs
  • Digital technologies
  • 8 points of a compass
  • 6 figure grid references
  • Symbols and key

 

  • Identify area through mapping

Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography including:

  • Earthquakes
  • Volcanoes

Describe and understand key aspects of human geography including:

  • Trade links

 

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