Year

Key Concepts (Statutory Requirements)

Year 1

 recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
 recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.

Year 2

 recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, ¼, 2/4 and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects and quantity
 Write simple fractions, for example ½ of 6 is 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2

Year 3

 count up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing onedigit numbers or quantities by 10
 recognise, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and nonunit fractions with small denominators
 recognise and use fractions as numbers: unit fractions and nonunit fractions with small denominators
 recognise and show, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators
 add and subtract fractions with the same denominator within one whole [for example, 5/7 + 1/7 = 6/7
 compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators
 solve problems that involve all of the above.

Year 4

 recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions
 count up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by one hundred and dividing tenths by ten.
 solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including nonunit fractions where the answer is a whole number
 add and subtract fractions with the same denominator
 recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundredths
 recognise and write decimal equivalents to ¼, ½ and 3/4
 find the effect of dividing a one or twodigit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths
 round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number
 compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places
 solve simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two decimal places.

Year 5

 compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
 identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths
 recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number
 add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and denominators that are multiples of the same number
 multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams
 read and write decimal numbers as fractions recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents
 round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place
 read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places
 solve problems involving number up to three decimal places
 recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to ‘number of parts per hundred’, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal
 solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25.

Year 6

 use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination
 compare and order fractions, including fractions > 1
 add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions
 multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form
 divide proper fractions by whole numbers
 associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents [for example, 0.375] for a simple fraction
 identify the value of each digit in numbers given to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1000 giving answers up to three decimal places
