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English

Articulation of Phonemes

A useful video clip showing the correct 'pure' pronounciation of phonemes (units of sound).

 

 

Year

Coverage

Progression

Year 1

 Fiction

  • Key stories, fairy stories and traditional tales
  • Key stories with predictable and patterned language

KEY TEXTS: Can’t You Sleep Little Bear (Martin Waddell), We’re Going on a Bear Hunt (Michael Rosen), But Martin! (June Counsel)

Non-fiction

  • Information books and other non-fiction to develop understanding of other subjects

KEY TEXTS:

Poetry

  • A wide range of rhymes and poems

KEY TEXTS:

Reading

Match graphemes for all phonemes

Read accurately by blending sounds

Read words with very common suffixes

Read contractions & understand purpose

Read phonics books aloud

Link reading to own experiences

Join in with predictable phrases

Discuss significance of title & events

Make simple predictions

 

Writing

Name letters of the alphabet

Spell very common ‘exception’ words

Spell days of the week

Use very common prefixes & suffixes

Form lower case letters correctly

Form capital letters & digits

Compose sentences orally before writing

Read own writing to peers or teachers

 

Grammar

Leave spaces between words

Begin to use basic punctuation: . ? !

Use capital letters for proper nouns.

Use common plural & verb suffixes

 

Speaking & Listening

Listen & respond appropriately

Ask relevant questions

Maintain attention & participate

 

 

Year 2

Fiction

A wider range of stories, fairy stories and traditional tales

KEY TEXTS: Around the World in 80 Days (Jules Verne)

Non-fiction

Non-fiction books structured in different ways

KEY TEXTS:

Poetry

contemporary & classic poems

KEY TEXTS:

Reading

Develop phonics until decoding secure

Read common suffixes

Read & re-read phonic-appropriate books

Read common ‘exception’ words

Discuss & express views about fiction, non-fiction & poetry

Become familiar with & retell stories

Ask & answer questions; make predictions

Begin to make inferences

 

Writing

Spell by segmenting into phonemes

Learn to spell common ‘exception’ words

Spell using common suffixes, etc.

Use appropriate size letters & spaces

Develop positive attitude & stamina for writing

Begin to plan ideas for writing

Record ideas sentence-by-sentence

Make simple additions & changes after proof-reading

 

Grammar

Use . ! ? , and ’

Use simple conjunctions

Begin to expand noun phrases

Use some features of standard English

 

Speaking & Listening

Articulate & Justify answers

Initiate & respond to comments

Use spoken language to develop understanding

 

Reading

 Use knowledge to read ‘exception’ words

Read range of fiction & non-fiction

Use dictionaries to check meaning

Prepare poems & plays to perform 

 Check own understanding of reading

Draw inferences & make predictions

Retrieve & record information from non-fiction books

Discuss reading with others

 

Writing

Use prefixes & suffixes in spelling

Use dictionary to confirm spellings

Write simple dictated sentences

Use handwriting joins appropriately

Plan to write based on familiar forms

Rehearse sentences orally for writing

Use varied rich vocabulary

Create simple settings & plot

Assess effectiveness of own and others’ writing

 

Grammar

Use range of conjunctions

Use perfect tense

Use range of nouns & pronouns

Use time connectives

Introduce speech punctuation

Know language of clauses

 

Speaking & Listening

Give structured descriptions

Participate activity in conversation

Consider & evaluate different viewpoints

 

 

Year 3

Fiction

Fairy Stories, Traditional tales, Myths & legends and Plays

KEY TEXTS: Romulus and Remus

Non-fiction

Dictionaries, reference and text books

KEY TEXTS:

Poetry

Performance poetry and free verse

KEY TEXTS:

Reading

Use knowledge to read ‘exception’ words

Read range of fiction & non-fiction

Use dictionaries to check meaning

Prepare poems & plays to perform

Check own understanding of reading

Draw inferences & make predictions

Retrieve & record information from non-fiction books

Discuss reading with others

 

Writing

Use prefixes & suffixes in spelling

Use dictionary to confirm spellings

Write simple dictated sentences

Use handwriting joins appropriately

Plan to write based on familiar forms

Rehearse sentences orally for writing

Use varied rich vocabulary

Create simple settings & plot

Assess effectiveness of own and others’ writing

 

Grammar

Use range of conjunctions

Use perfect tense

Use range of nouns & pronouns

Use time connectives

Introduce speech punctuation

Know language of clauses

 

Speaking & Listening

Give structured descriptions

Participate activity in conversation

Consider & evaluate different viewpoints

 

Year 4

Fiction

Folk tales, myths and legends, plays

KEY TEXTS: Greek Myths

Non-fiction

Information, reference and text books

KEY TEXTS:

Poetry

Narrative Poetry

KEY TEXTS:

Reading

Secure decoding of unfamiliar words

Read for a range of purposes

Retell some stories orally

Discuss words & phrases that capture the imagination

Identify themes & conventions

Retrieve & record information

Make inferences & justify predictions

Recognise a variety of forms of poetry

Identify & summarise ideas

 

Writing

Correctly spell common homophones

Increase regularity of handwriting

Plan writing based on familiar forms

Organise writing into paragraphs

Use simple organisational devices

Proof-read for spelling & punctuation errors

Evaluate own and others’ writing

Read own writing aloud

 

Grammar

Use wider range of conjunctions

Use perfect tense appropriately

Select pronouns and nouns for clarity

Use & punctuate direct speech

Use commas after front adverbials

 

Speaking & Listening

Articulate & justify opinions

Speak audibly in Standard English

Gain, maintain & monitor

 

 

Year 5

Fiction

Modern fiction, stories from our literacy heritage, books from other cultures and traditions, myths and legends

KEY TEXTS: Kensuke’s Kingdom (Michael Morpurgo), Shakespeare, Journey to Jo’Burg (Beverley Naidoo)

Non-fiction

Information, reference and text books

KEY TEXTS:

Poetry

Performance Poetry

KEY TEXTS:

Reading

Apply knowledge of morphology & etymology when reading new words

Reading & discuss a broad range of genres & texts

Identifying & discussing themes

Make recommendations to others

Learn poetry by heart

Draw inference & make predictions

Discuss authors’ use of language

Retrieve & present information from non-fiction texts.

Formal presentations & debates

 

Writing

Secure spelling, inc. homophones, prefixes, silent letters, etc.

Use a thesaurus

Legible, fluent handwriting

Plan writing to suit audience & purpose

Develop character, setting and atmosphere in narrative

Use organisational & presentational features

Use consistent appropriate tense

Proof-reading

Perform own compositions

 

Grammar

Use expanded noun phrases

Use modal & passive verbs

Use relative clauses

Use commas for clauses

Use brackets, dashes & commas for parenthesis

 

Speaking & Listening

Give well-structured explanations

Command of Standard English

Consider & evaluate different viewpoints

Use appropriate

 

 

 

Year 6

Fiction

Modern fiction, stories from our literacy heritage, traditional stories, plays

KEY TEXTS: Rose Blanche (Ian McEwan), Boy in Striped Pyjamas (John Boyne), Oliver (Charles Dickens)

Non-fiction

Information, reference and text books

KEY TEXTS:

Poetry

A wider range of poetry

KEY TEXTS:

Reading

Read a broad range of genres

Recommend books to others

Make comparisons within/across books

Support inferences with evidence

 Summarising key points from texts

 Identify how language, structure, etc. contribute to meaning

 Discuss use of language, inc. figurative

 Discuss & explain reading, providing reasoned justifications for views

 

Writing

Use knowledge of morphology & etymology in spelling

Develop legible personal handwriting style

Plan writing to suit audience & purpose; use models of writing

Develop character & setting in narrative

Select grammar & vocabulary for effect

Use a wide range of cohesive devices

Ensure grammatical consistency

 

Grammar

Use appropriate register/ style

Use the passive voice for purpose

Use features to convey & clarify meaning

Use full punctuation

Use language of subject/object

 

Speaking & Listening

Use questions to build knowledge

Articulate arguments & opinions

Use spoken language to speculate,

hypothesise & explore

Use appropriate register & language

 

 

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